Jia Kang graduated from the Economics Department at Beijing Institute of Economics in 1982. Jia obtained a Master's Degree in economics from the Graduate School of the Institute of Research at the Ministry of Finance in 1985 and received a doctorate degree from the same institution in 1998. Jia has been involved with the Ministry of Finance since he was a graduate student at the institute of research in 1982. He officially joined the ministry as an employee in 1985 and served as the deputy director of the ministry's institute of research. Jia later was promoted to the institute's director position. An expert in macroeconomics as well as finance and economic theory, Jia has participated in several national and minister-level research projects.